An excellent presentation speech should be researched, planned and structured, to make it worthwhile, interesting, fun and easy for you and the listener to follow. Before the day or time of making the presentation, the speaker should consider preparing and practicing for the performance.
Find out about your target audience i.e. their ages, interests, needs and other things of importance that will bring connection between you and them).Review the objectives of the speech and decide what to cover. Research the subject taking brief notes and talk with other people who know the subject and make notes of their ideas. When presenting your speech include only critical points, putting them in a logical sequence.
While practicing; rehearse your speech until you have it well in mind. You may consider using a tape recorder so that you can hear yourself. Allocate time to your major points to enable you keep time. Create a final form of your outline to cluttered and discarded ideas. Be ready to speak from the mind, occasionally looking at your outline, without reading it word after word. Mainly a typical speech has three parts: the introduction, body, and conclusion.
This is the most important part of a speech presentation where you (the speaker) establish a rapport with the audience when you have its attention and signal the beginning of the speech. Greet the audience. Introduce yourself, so that people can identify you, (i.e. student, researcher, layman, etc.).Give the Title and introduce the subject you are going to tackle. Give your objectives/purposes of the presentation. Announce your outline i.e. the parts you have broken each goal into.(2-3 points for each, is enough)Let the audience know when they may or may not comment and ask questions.
This part contains the content of the speech. Mostly you always have to limit the content to avoid running out of time. The quantity of information you give should be enough to define clearly your ideas personalize your speech by making each feel that you are talking to him or her, and not to a group.
Watch their reaction and stay close to their interests. Involve the audience by use of thought provoking questions that stimulate their thinking, to help you get feedback, which helps you tell if they understand you. Illustrate using examples i. E a chalkboard or flip chart to list your main points. Signal where you are, by indicating the end of one section and the beginning of the next.
This is the conclusion of your talk. Briefly summarize your speech, in a few lines to give a brief reminder of what you tried to show in your presentation. How you attempted to do so, to make sure the audience has retained the main points. Present a short conclusion that gives a message that logically comes out of the ideas developed in your speech .i.e. a commentary or lessons learned. Invite the audience to ask questions or open a discussion. You will need to be intellectually and psychologically prepared to be able to give control and answer any questions from the audience. Thank the audience for attending.