Geologists study the materials and processes of Earth. When you think of geologists, you might imagine people who study rocks.
But a geology degree opens you up to many opportunities to study things, such as rocks, minerals, and gems. Geologists also study processes like volcanic eruptions and ocean trench activities.
If you want to learn more about the physical, chemical, and biological processes of Earth itself, consider studying geology. Here are seven careers you can get with a geology degree.
1. Environmental Consultant
If you care about environmentalism and want to help protect the planet, then you might enjoy a career as an environmental consultant. In this role, you would conduct research, then use your findings to advise businesses and governmental organizations on how to reduce their environmental impact. You would also help organizations comply with environmental laws and develop sustainability plans.
A mineralogist is a geologist focused on studying rocks, gems, and other minerals. They analyze the chemistry of these subjects, their crystalline structures, and their physical properties.
Mineralogists usually study economically significant materials, such as copper and aluminum. Their understanding of rocks, gems, and minerals helps mining companies determine how to retrieve these items and process them for use by industries.
3. Petroleum Geologist
Petroleum geologists play an important role in oil and gas exploration. They collect rock and sediment samples from drilling sites, then study the samples.
Their work helps find new reserves of natural resources and estimate the size of the deposits. Petroleum geologists usually work for oil companies, but they can also work for government agencies or universities.
Hydrogeology is another career field you can enter with a geology degree. Hydrogeologists study how groundwater in soil and rocks moves.
Hydrogeologists understand the chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties of groundwater and how it interacts with the porous solids it flows through. Their work informs the construction of wells, pumps, and drains.
If you’re fascinated by volcanos, consider becoming a volcanologist. These geologists study the formation of volcanoes and their activity.
Volcanologists monitor volcanoes on-site and collect samples from eruptions, such as rocks and lava. They also work in offices filling out paperwork and doing important calculations to understand more about volcanic eruptions.
6. Geological Oceanographer
A geological oceanographer, also known as a geophysical oceanographer, analyzes ocean bedrock and the rock formation processes. Many geological oceanographers prospect for oil and gas deposits.
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They also build on our knowledge and understanding of subaquatic tectonic plates and conduct surveys of geographical features, like ocean trenches. So these geologists can also work on sustainability initiatives.
7. Soil Scientist
Soil scientists study the Earth’s crust, analyzing the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil. Soil plays an important role in nourishing our food and other plant life, supporting buildings, disposing of waste, and storing water.
Soil scientists work with governments, universities, and in the private sector, investigating and evaluating soil’s properties.
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