Engineering has many sub divisions. Civil Engineering is one of them. This is the discipline that covers areas like design, maintenance and constructions of roads, canals, bridges, buildings and dams etc. This is one of the oldest engineering degrees after military engineering. Civil engineering is also sub-divided into categories like Architectural Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Geophysics Engineering, Structural Engineering and many more.
History of Civil Engineering
The first practitioners of civil engineers were recorded somewhere between 4000-2000 B.C. In the ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, when humans abandoned the nomadic lifestyle and started constructing and building homes for themselves.
Who are Civil Engineers?
They are those who have an academic degree in Civil Engineering. The curriculum for civil engineering lasts for almost 4 – 5 Years, just like any other engineering degree. They are given the degree as bachelor of engineering or bachelor of science. They cover subjects like physics, mathematics, project management, design and various other topics. Following that they would have to further choose a specialization at an advanced level.
The Bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering is the first step towards a career in Civil engineering. A bachelor’s level degree offers the students with industry accredited education. Following that a student can also pursue masters level degree, which further gives the student an expertise on this subject.
Top Schools in The World for Civil Engineering
- University of Illinois
- University of California, Berkley
- University of Tokyo
- University of Cambridge
- University of Texas, Austin
- National University of Singapore
- Kyoto University
- Imperial College of London
- University of Hong Kong
Top specialization in Civil Engineering
- Environmental Engineering:
An Environmental Engineers main goal is to ensure a sustainable society and look after the land, air resources and the usage of water. The main aim of environmental engineering is to manage the resources so that environmental degradation and pollution is minimized.
These engineers study air, water and soil air pollution problems. They strive towards finding long lasting solutions to these various problems. They are the ones that plan, design and construct the various water and waste treatment plant for the government as well as the private sector.
- Geotechnical Engineering:
Geotechnical Engineers are the ones that study the behavior of soil and soil-water interactions. They are the ones that design foundations, earth dams, clay liners, retaining walls etc. They also deal with various design strategies for the clean-up of contaminated soil, groundwater and develop management system for these various contaminated sites.
- Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering:
This is the study of the hydrologic cycle and the various distribution and circulation of water – which links the earth’s atmosphere, land and oceans. Application of Water Resources Engineering includes the design of urban storm sewer systems, managements of water supply and flood forecasting. They design various hydraulic structures like dams and breakwaters, management of waterways and sewage conduits. They are the ones who try protecting the world from erosion, flood and various over environmental issues.
- Structural Engineering:
Structural engineers deal with the conception, analysis, design and the construction of various components – that prevent the load that is rising from internal and external forces. They use the application of solid mechanics to assemble the elements that go in to a structure so that it resists both static and dynamic loads like gravity, snow, wind and earthquakes. They are the ones that build bridges, dams, large buildings etc.
To become a civil engineer, a student would not only have to clear their bachelor’s degree but also get professional training and certifications. The best way to do this is get into internships, gain experience and learn about the countries/states requirements for becoming a full-fledged civil engineer and finally prepare for that and take the exam.